Accountability / responsibility

The accountability principle is one of the main principles relating to the processing of personal data.


Transfers of personal data to a country outside the European Economic Area or to an international organization can only take place if the conditions defined in the GDPR are met by the exporter and importer of the data.


The French Association for Cooperative Internet Naming is a non-profit association, the historical manager of France’s top-level domain names.


Anonymization refers to the use of a set of techniques to remove the possibility of associating, with “reasonable effort”, personal data relating to an identified or identifiable individual.

Anteriority of a brand

Prior art searches, which are a prerequisite for any trademark registration, must be carried out systematically. Indeed, it is very risky to adopt a sign infringing on prior rights such as a registered or well-known trademark, a corporate name, a domain name dedicated to the same sector of activity, etc…

Artificial intelligence

Artificial intelligence refers to the intelligence demonstrated by machines, as opposed to the natural intelligence demonstrated by humans and animals.



The Backorder is a solution that allows the automatic registration of domain names shortly after their expiration and their fall into the public domain.

Big data

Big data is a concept characterized by extremely large sets of diverse data, structured and unstructured, particularly relating to consumer behavior, publications on social networks or even geolocation.


Blockchain can be defined as a decentralized registry that has been designed to allow the transmission of values, from one person to another, securely and without intermediaries.

Binding corporate rules

(BCR) Binding Corporate Rules are internal rules on the protection of personal data that can be applied by private law bodies, controller or processor, established in the territory of a Member State of the European Union, for transfers or for a set of transfers of personal data to other private law bodies, controller or processor, established in one or more countries outside the European Union within the same group of companies, or a group of companies engaged in a joint economic activity


Controlling authority

A supervisory authority is an independent public authority that is established by a European Union member state under the GDPR.


Consent is one of the six legal bases for processing personal data under the GDPR.

Consumer Ombudsman

The consumer mediator designates the natural or legal person carrying out a conventional mediation mission with the aim of trying to reach an agreement to resolve amicably a dispute between a consumer and a professional

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