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Encryption is a reversible operation applied to data, possibly personal data, in order to make it unintelligible to anyone who is not authorized to access it.

European Data Protection Committee

(European Data Protection Board) The European Data Protection Supervisor (EDPS) is an independent European body that contributes to the consistent application of the GDPR within the European Union and promotes cooperation between the supervisory authorities of the EU member states.

European Data Protection Supervisor

(European Data Protection Supervisor) The European Data Protection Supervisor is an independent European body that primarily monitors the correct application of the GDPR and Regulation 2018/1725 by the institutions and other bodies of the European Union.

Electronic signature

The electronic signature is a means of electronic identification that provides the classic functions of the handwritten signature.



The Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act (FISA) is a United States law that establishes procedures for physical and electronic surveillance of foreign individuals and entities.



Geolocation is a technology that allows to determine the location of a thing or a person in space.



ICANN, otherwise known as the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers, is an international non-profit organization founded in 1998 that works to maintain the security, stability and interoperability of the Internet.

Internet of Things

The Internet of Things (IoT) refers to fixed and mobile devices connected to the Internet.

IP address

The Internet Protocol (IP) address is a unique identification number usually written as four integers (bytes) separated by dots.

Information Society Services

Information society services are defined as any service normally provided for remuneration, at a distance by electronic means and at the individual request of a recipient of services.


Jointly responsible

Joint controllers of a personal data processing operation shall mean two or more controllers who jointly determine the essential purposes and means of such processing.


Legal basis

Any processing of personal data must be lawful in order to be implemented under the conditions enshrined in the RGPD and the Data Protection Act.

Legal information

The legal notices refer to information that must be included on websites in application of the law n° 2004-575 of June 21, 2004 for confidence in the digital economy.