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Assignment of copyrights

The assignment of copyright is a contract by which the owner of copyright, called the assignor, transfers the ownership of his rights to a third party, called the assignee. The latter will then be vested with all the rights relating to the creation that has been assigned to him, with the exception of the author’s moral rights.

Accountability / responsibility
The principle of accountability / responsibility is one of the main principles relating to the processing of personal data.

Artificial Intelligence

Artificial intelligence refers to the intelligence demonstrated by machines, as opposed to the natural intelligence demonstrated by humans and animals.


Transfers of personal data to a country outside the European Economic Area or to an international organization can only take place if the conditions defined in the GDPR are met by the exporter and importer of the data.
The French Association for Cooperative Internet Naming is a non-profit association, the historical manager of France’s top-level domain names.
Anonymization refers to the use of a set of techniques to remove the possibility of associating, with “reasonable effort”, personal data relating to an identified or identifiable individual.

Assignement of a trademark

The assignment of a trademark is an agreement by which the owner of a trademark, called the assignor, transfers the ownership of his right to a third party, called the assignee. The latter will then be vested with all rights to the trademark that has been assigned to him.


An audit is an operation consisting of investigations and verifications in order to identify and evaluate the nature and extent of a company’s intellectual property rights, which makes it possible to assess the rights holder’s monopoly of exploitation over its assets.


The author is the person at the origin of the creation of a work of the mind and who has, by the sole fact of his creation, copyright.


An agreement is a contract between two or more parties with mutual obligations to each other.

Abrupt termination of commercial relations

When a commercial relationship is established, it may happen that at a given moment, everything does not go as planned due to the non-performance or contractual breach of one of the parties, thus obliging the other to break off the relationship in a “brutal” manner.


The Backorder is a solution allowing the automatic registration of domain names shortly after their expiration and their fall into the public domain.
Big data
Big data is a concept characterized by extremely large sets of diverse data, structured and unstructured, particularly relating to consumer behavior, publications on social networks or even geolocation.
Blockchain can be defined as a decentralized registry that has been designed to allow the transmission of values, from one person to another, securely and without intermediaries.

Binding corporate rules

Binding Corporate Rules (BCR) are internal rules on the protection of personal data that can be applied by private law bodies, controller or processor, established in the territory of a Member State of the European Union, for transfers or for a set of transfers of personal data to other private law bodies, controller or processor, established in one or more countries outside the European Union within the same group of companies, or a group of companies engaged in a joint economic activity


Claim for fraudulent filing

In French law, there is a general principle of law that fraud corrupts everything (” Fraus omnia corrumpit “).

Class Action

In order to enforce its personal data protection provisions and to the extent that data breaches typically affect multiple data subjects, the GDPR (Regulation 2016/679) introduces the possibility of conducting group actions.

Coexistence agreement

A coexistence agreement is an agreement by which two parties (individuals and/or companies) agree to organize the coexistence of their respective rights in a market, according to the terms they define.

Customs detention

Counterfeiting is a customs offence under Article 414 of the Customs Code, which provides for :

Counterfeit seizure

The seizure of counterfeit goods is a means of evidence that is not covered by common law and that can be applied to all acts of counterfeiting, whether they involve trademarks, copyrights, designs or patents.