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Accountability / responsibility
The principle of accountability / responsibility is one of the main principles relating to the processing of personal data.
Coexistence agreement

A coexistence agreement is a contract by which two parties agree to organize the coexistence of their respective rights on a market, according to the terms they define.

Group action
(class action) In order to enforce its provisions relating to the protection of personal data and insofar as data breaches generally affect several data subjects, the GDPR (Regulation 2016/679) introduces the possibility of carrying out band.

Nullity action

Article L.714-3 of the Intellectual Property Code states that "the registration of a trademark is declared void by court decision or by decision of the Director General of the National Institute of Industrial Property, pursuant to Article L. 411-4, if the trademark does not meet the conditions set out in articles L.711-2, L.711-3, L.715-4 and L.715-9  [of the Intellectual Property Code].”

Claim action in case of fraudulent filing

There is a general principle of law that fraud corrupts everything (“ Fraus omnia corrupts ").


Transfers of personal data to a third country in the European Economic Area or to an international organization can only take place if the conditions defined in the GDPR are respected by the exporter and the importer of the data.

IP adress

The Internet Protocol (IP) address is a unique identification number usually noted as four whole numbers (bytes) separated by periods.
The French Association for Internet Naming in Cooperation is a non-profit association, historical manager of top-level domain names in France.
Data Protection Impact Assessment – DPIA
(Data privacy impact assessment) The impact assessment relating to the protection of personal data is the assessment of the risks for the rights and freedoms of natural persons likely to be generated by a personal data processing operation. .
Anonymization refers to the use of a set of techniques aimed at removing the possibility of association, with “reasonable effort”, of personal data relating to an identified or identifiable natural person.


The audit is an operation consisting of carrying out investigations and verifications in order to identify and assess the nature and extent of a company's intellectual property rights.


The author is the person at the origin of the creation of a work of the mind and who has, by the mere fact of its creation, copyright.

Control authority
A supervisory authority is an independent public authority established by a Member State of the European Union under the GDPR.

Intellectual property lawyer and intellectual property consultant

What is the difference between an intellectual property lawyer and an intellectual property attorney?


The Backorder is a solution allowing the automatic registration of domain names shortly after their expiration and their fall back into the public domain.
A database is a collection of works, data or other elements arranged in a systematic and methodical way. These are individually accessible by electronic means in particular.
Legal basis
Any processing of personal data must be lawful in order to be implemented under the conditions enshrined in the GDPR and the Data Protection Act.
Big data is a concept characterized by extremely large sets of diverse data, structured and unstructured, particularly relating to consumer behavior, publications on social networks or geolocation, for example.
The blockchain can be defined as a decentralized ledger that was designed to allow the transmission of values, from one person to another, in complete security and without an intermediary.
Registry Office
Domain name registrars are the service providers responsible for creating, renewing, transferring, changing ownership or deleting domain names.


Special categories of data
Constitute special categories of personal data within the meaning of the GDPR, those which reveal racial or ethnic origin, political opinions, religious or philosophical beliefs or trade union membership, as well as genetic data, biometric data for the purposes to uniquely identify a natural person, data concerning health and data concerning sex life or sexual orientation.

Assignment of copyright

The assignment of copyright only occurs validly if the conditions for the protection of the work are met: namely the work is original in that it bears the imprint of the personality of its creator.

Trademark transfer

Trademark assignment is a contract by which the owner of a trademark, referred to as the assignor, transfers ownership of its right to a third party, referred to as the assignee. The latter will then be vested with all the rights relating to the trademark which has been transferred to him.

Encryption is a reversible operation applied to data, where applicable to personal data, in order to make them incomprehensible to any person who is not authorized to have access to them.

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